2015 is the “end” of the UN’s eight Millenium Developmental Goals (MDG’s) – the year when all set goals and milestones are to be met. Every year the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) presents a Human Development Report that aims to illustrate how the worlds countries are doing. The report usually revolve around several social as well as economic aspecs and includes the Human Development Index (HDI), which is a statistical representation of country’s respective indicators of life expectancy, educational attainment and income.
The last human development report was published in 2013 and named “The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a diverse world” (2013). According to that one, Ghana ranked number 135 in the HDI. The indexing was based on figures from 2012 and in the preceding human development report “Sustainability and Equity: A better future for all” (2011), the number (135) was the same. A country’s position in the index is however a relative measurement – so changes or developments within the country can accordingly not be derived solely by looking at the relative position. When the next report and HDI is coming is not yet official, but here at VoluntaryAid we keep our eyes open :)
As an alternative to GDP’s and GNP’s, the HDI is an effective way of addressing other factors than pure finical ones. Another way of measuring development that have received increased attention lately is the consideration of happiness as an indicator for a country’s state of development. Check out this really interesting article about why happiness is a good way to measure development!